Here in Ireland up until 2009 there was only one supplier of domestic Electricity (ESB) . In 2009 both Bord Gais Energy and Airtricity entered the domestic Electricity market with lower prices.
Electric Ireland (ESB) , Bord Gais Energy , Airtricity and Energia are the 4 main residential electricity suppliers in Ireland. The newer companies have undercut the semi state provider (ESB Elecric Ireland)) and are spending loads on advertising campaigns to try and get new customers. Since mid 2011 ESB changed names to Electric Ireland and their prices are no longer set by the energy regulator and they are allowed to set their own prices now.
See more here about Cheapest Electricity Prices in Ireland .
is becoming more widely available in smaller towns – previously it was only available in cities like Dublin, Cork Limerick and Galway. Bord Gais Energy was the semi state supplier – but Bord Gais Energy was sold off by the Irish government in 2014 to Centrica – who also own British Gas. Bord Gais Energy is still the main supplier of gas but it now has four competitors – Flogas , Energia, Airtricity and Electric Ireland can also supply gas to residential customers.
See this Comparison of Gas Prices in Ireland.
(kerosene usually) is still one of the major fuels for home heating outside the Irish cities. Solid fuels like turf/peat wood and coal still play an important part too. Wood pellets are becoming more popular since the government introduced grants to assist with installation costs of wood pellet boilers.
Heating oil (Kerosene) prices in Ireland in early 2015 are around 68c per litre including VAT . This has fallen over the past year as international oil prices fell.
Most Fuel prices in Ireland rose in 2010 because of a new Carbon Tax that was introduced in the December 2009 Budget. More about Carbon Tax in Ireland here